The National Security Agency and the FBI don't bear all the responsibility for the revelation that Verizon is turning phone records over to the government. That responsibility lies with the members of Congress who voted for the PATRIOT Act, as well as extensions of it and the provisions related to collecting those records. Over 100 people currently serving in the House and Senate voted for the original Act in 2001. Last year, over 300 voted to extend a key provision.

We looked at seven Congressional actions generally and five in particular to assess how the government's power to collect data has evolved. From October 2001 to last December, Congress continually voted to expand or continue the government's power to collect private data, ostensibly to bolster efforts to stop terrorist activity. In addition to the PATRIOT Act, Congress has also renewed provisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, or FISA — the law that established the court which issued the Verizon order.

The seven votes were:

(The "Medicare" bill, above, was gutted and re-written to accommodate three PATRIOT-related measures.)

There have been attempts to revise or curtail the rules, from their inception. In 2011, Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky tried to amend the PATRIOT Act to limit its power. Last year, senators attempted to halt FISA data collection. In neither case did the rules pass.

We looked at votes by sitting Congressmembers on five bills critical to the existing governmental security tools. At the bottom of this post is a spreadsheet showing those votes — with names.

Here's how they broke out overall. The bars below show all sitting members of Congress. The red section indicates the number of sitting members who voted for a surveillance policy; blue, those who opposed.

Then we broke it out by bill. The first graph for each bill below shows the vote breakdown: red for those supporting increased surveillance tools; blue for opposed. The second graph shows the vote in both chambers by party.

The PATRIOT Act

Total current members who voted: 153
Total current members who supported the bill: 118

No sitting Republicans who were in Congress in 2001 voted against the PATRIOT Act. More sitting Democrats supported it than opposed.

Votes by sitting members

Support and opposition by party

PATRIOT Act Reauthorization, 2005

Total current members who voted: 260
Total current members who supported the bill: 151

Currently sitting Democrats were more likely to oppose the extension than to approve it. Several Republican House members opposed the extension, but no Senators did.

Votes by sitting members

Support and opposition by party

FISA Amendments, 2008

Total current members who voted: 304
Total current members who supported the bill: 191

Only one Republican voted against the amendments, which authorized the government to conduct sweeps like the one in the Verizon case.

Votes by sitting members

Support and opposition by party

PATRIOT Act Extension, 2011

Total current members who voted: 430
Total current members who supported the bill: 265

A larger number of sitting Republicans opposed the extension than any of the other three. That includes Senators Murkowski, Paul, Heller, and Lee. Nineteen Democrats who opposed the FISA amendments in 2008 voted in support of it under the new president.

Votes by sitting members

Support and opposition by party

FISA Extension, 2012

Total current members who voted: 437
Total current members who supported the bill: 303

Three Republican senators opposed extending FISA: Lee, Murkowski, and Paul.

Votes by sitting members

Support and opposition by party

If it's easier, we've put together a list of every sitting member of Congress who has voted for the continuation of these surveillance tools every time they had an opportunity to do so, with special mention for those that have done so all five times. There are 56 of those — and 247 who've never voted no.

Number of members of Congress who voted for increased surveillance five times

Sitting members who voted for surveillance every time

  • Rep. Robert Aderholt (Alabama, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Spencer Bachus (Alabama, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Jo Bonner (Alabama, Republican)
  • Rep. Mo Brooks (Alabama, Republican)
  • Rep. Martha Roby (Alabama, Republican)
  • Rep. Mike D. Rogers (Alabama, Republican)
  • Sen. Jeff Sessions (Alabama, Republican)
  • Rep. Terri Sewell (Alabama, Democratic)
  • Sen. Richard Shelby (Alabama, Republican)
  • Rep. Ron Barber (Arizona, Democratic)
  • Sen. Jeff Flake (Arizona, Republican)
  • Rep. Trent Franks (Arizona, Republican)
  • Rep. Paul Gosar (Arizona, Republican)
  • Sen. John McCain (Arizona, Republican)
  • Rep. David Schweikert (Arizona, Republican)
  • Sen. John Boozman (Arkansas, Republican)
  • Rep. Rick Crawford (Arkansas, Republican)
  • Rep. Tim Griffin (Arkansas, Republican)
  • Sen. Mark Pryor (Arkansas, Democratic)
  • Rep. Steve Womack (Arkansas, Republican)
  • Rep. Ken Calvert (California, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Jeff Denham (California, Republican)
  • Sen. Dianne Feinstein (California, Democratic)
  • Rep. Duncan D. Hunter (California, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Darrell Issa (California, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Kevin McCarthy (California, Republican)
  • Rep. Howard McKeon (California, Republican)
  • Rep. Gary Miller (California, Republican)
  • Rep. Devin Nunes (California, Republican)
  • Rep. Ed Royce (California, Republican) - all five times
  • Sen. Michael Bennet (Colorado, Democratic)
  • Rep. Mike Coffman (Colorado, Republican)
  • Rep. Cory Gardner (Colorado, Republican)
  • Rep. Doug Lamborn (Colorado, Republican)
  • Sen. Richard Blumenthal (Connecticut, Democratic)
  • Sen. Tom Carper (Delaware, Democratic)
  • Rep. Gus Bilirakis (Florida, Republican)
  • Rep. Vern Buchanan (Florida, Republican)
  • Rep. Kathy Castor (Florida, Democratic)
  • Rep. Ander Crenshaw (Florida, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Ted Deutch (Florida, Democratic)
  • Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart (Florida, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. John Mica (Florida, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Jeff Miller (Florida, Republican)
  • Sen. Bill Nelson (Florida, Democratic)
  • Rep. Rich Nugent (Florida, Republican)
  • Rep. Tom Rooney (Florida, Republican)
  • Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (Florida, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Dennis Ross (Florida, Republican)
  • Sen. Marco Rubio (Florida, Republican)
  • Rep. Steve Southerland (Florida, Republican)
  • Rep. Daniel Webster (Florida, Republican)
  • Rep. Bill Young (Florida, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. John Barrow (Georgia, Democratic)
  • Rep. Sanford Bishop (Georgia, Democratic) - all five times
  • Sen. Saxby Chambliss (Georgia, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Phil Gingrey (Georgia, Republican)
  • Sen. Johnny Isakson (Georgia, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Jack Kingston (Georgia, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. David Scott (Georgia, Democratic)
  • Rep. Austin Scott (Georgia, Republican)
  • Rep. Lynn Westmoreland (Georgia, Republican)
  • Sen. Mike Crapo (Idaho, Republican)
  • Sen. Jim Risch (Idaho, Republican)
  • Rep. Mike Simpson (Idaho, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Randy Hultgren (Illinois, Republican)
  • Rep. Adam Kinzinger (Illinois, Republican)
  • Sen. Mark Kirk (Illinois, Republican)
  • Rep. Dan Lipinski (Illinois, Democratic) - all five times
  • Rep. Mike Quigley (Illinois, Democratic)
  • Rep. Peter Roskam (Illinois, Republican)
  • Rep. Aaron Schock (Illinois, Republican)
  • Rep. John Shimkus (Illinois, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Larry Bucshon (Indiana, Republican)
  • Sen. Dan Coats (Indiana, Republican)
  • Sen. Joe Donnelly (Indiana, Democratic)
  • Rep. Marlin Stutzman (Indiana, Republican)
  • Rep. Todd Young (Indiana, Republican)
  • Sen. Chuck Grassley (Iowa, Republican)
  • Rep. Steve King (Iowa, Republican)
  • Rep. Tom Latham (Iowa, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Tim Huelskamp (Kansas, Republican)
  • Rep. Lynn Jenkins (Kansas, Republican)
  • Sen. Jerry Moran (Kansas, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Mike Pompeo (Kansas, Republican)
  • Sen. Pat Roberts (Kansas, Republican)
  • Rep. Kevin Yoder (Kansas, Republican)
  • Rep. Brett Guthrie (Kentucky, Republican)
  • Sen. Mitch McConnell (Kentucky, Republican)
  • Rep. Hal Rogers (Kentucky, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Ed Whitfield (Kentucky, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Rodney Alexander (Louisiana, Republican)
  • Rep. Charles Boustany (Louisiana, Republican)
  • Rep. Bill Cassidy (Louisiana, Republican)
  • Rep. John Fleming (Louisiana, Republican)
  • Sen. Mary Landrieu (Louisiana, Democratic)
  • Rep. Steve Scalise (Louisiana, Republican)
  • Sen. David Vitter (Louisiana, Republican) - all five times
  • Sen. Susan Collins (Maine, Republican)
  • Sen. Angus King (Maine, Independent)
  • Rep. Steny Hoyer (Maryland, Democratic) - all five times
  • Sen. Barbara Mikulski (Maryland, Democratic)
  • Rep. Dutch Ruppersberger (Maryland, Democratic)
  • Rep. Dan Benishek (Michigan, Republican)
  • Rep. David Camp (Michigan, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Bill Huizenga (Michigan, Republican)
  • Rep. Candice Miller (Michigan, Republican)
  • Rep. Gary Peters (Michigan, Democratic)
  • Rep. Mike Rogers (Michigan, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Fred Upton (Michigan, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Tim Walberg (Michigan, Republican)
  • Rep. Michele Bachmann (Minnesota, Republican)
  • Rep. John Kline (Minnesota, Republican)
  • Rep. Erik Paulsen (Minnesota, Republican)
  • Sen. Thad Cochran (Mississippi, Republican)
  • Rep. Gregg Harper (Mississippi, Republican)
  • Rep. Alan Nunnelee (Mississippi, Republican)
  • Rep. Steven Palazzo (Mississippi, Republican)
  • Sen. Roger Wicker (Mississippi, Republican) - all five times
  • Sen. Roy Blunt (Missouri, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Sam Graves (Missouri, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Vicky Hartzler (Missouri, Republican)
  • Rep. Billy Long (Missouri, Republican)
  • Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer (Missouri, Republican)
  • Sen. Claire McCaskill (Missouri, Democratic)
  • Rep. Jeff Fortenberry (Nebraska, Republican)
  • Sen. Mike Johanns (Nebraska, Republican)
  • Rep. Adrian Smith (Nebraska, Republican)
  • Rep. Lee Terry (Nebraska, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Mark Amodei (Nevada, Republican)
  • Rep. Joe Heck (Nevada, Republican)
  • Sen. Kelly Ayotte (New Hampshire, Republican)
  • Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen (New Jersey, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Scott Garrett (New Jersey, Republican)
  • Rep. Leonard Lance (New Jersey, Republican)
  • Rep. Frank LoBiondo (New Jersey, Republican) - all five times
  • Sen. Bob Menendez (New Jersey, Democratic)
  • Rep. Jon Runyan (New Jersey, Republican)
  • Rep. Albio Sires (New Jersey, Democratic)
  • Rep. Chris Smith (New Jersey, Republican)
  • Rep. Steve Pearce (New Mexico, Republican)
  • Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (New York, Democratic)
  • Rep. Michael Grimm (New York, Republican)
  • Rep. Brian Higgins (New York, Democratic)
  • Rep. Peter King (New York, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Tom Reed (New York, Republican)
  • Sen. Richard Burr (North Carolina, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. George Butterfield (North Carolina, Democratic)
  • Rep. Howard Coble (North Carolina, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Renee Ellmers (North Carolina, Republican)
  • Rep. Virginia Foxx (North Carolina, Republican)
  • Sen. Kay Hagan (North Carolina, Democratic)
  • Rep. Patrick McHenry (North Carolina, Republican)
  • Rep. Mike McIntyre (North Carolina, Democratic) - all five times
  • Sen. John Hoeven (North Dakota, Republican)
  • Rep. John Boehner (Ohio, Republican)
  • Rep. Steve Chabot (Ohio, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Bob Gibbs (Ohio, Republican)
  • Rep. Bill Johnson (Ohio, Republican)
  • Rep. Jim Jordan (Ohio, Republican)
  • Rep. Bob Latta (Ohio, Republican)
  • Sen. Rob Portman (Ohio, Republican)
  • Rep. Jim Renacci (Ohio, Republican)
  • Rep. Steve Stivers (Ohio, Republican)
  • Rep. Pat Tiberi (Ohio, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Mike Turner (Ohio, Republican) - all five times
  • Sen. Tom Coburn (Oklahoma, Republican)
  • Rep. Tom Cole (Oklahoma, Republican)
  • Sen. Jim Inhofe (Oklahoma, Republican)
  • Rep. James Lankford (Oklahoma, Republican)
  • Rep. Greg Walden (Oregon, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Lou Barletta (Pennsylvania, Republican)
  • Sen. Bob Casey, Jr. (Pennsylvania, Democratic)
  • Rep. Charlie Dent (Pennsylvania, Republican)
  • Rep. Jim Gerlach (Pennsylvania, Republican)
  • Rep. Mike Kelly (Pennsylvania, Republican)
  • Rep. Tom Marino (Pennsylvania, Republican)
  • Rep. Pat Meehan (Pennsylvania, Republican)
  • Rep. Timothy F. Murphy (Pennsylvania, Republican)
  • Rep. Joe Pitts (Pennsylvania, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Bill Shuster (Pennsylvania, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Glenn Thompson (Pennsylvania, Republican)
  • Sen. Pat Toomey (Pennsylvania, Republican)
  • Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (Rhode Island, Democratic)
  • Rep. Jeff Duncan (South Carolina, Republican)
  • Rep. Trey Gowdy (South Carolina, Republican)
  • Sen. Lindsey Graham (South Carolina, Republican)
  • Rep. Mick Mulvaney (South Carolina, Republican)
  • Sen. Tim Scott (South Carolina, Republican)
  • Rep. Joe Wilson (South Carolina, Republican)
  • Sen. John Thune (South Dakota, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Kristi Noem (South Dakota , Republican)
  • Sen. Lamar Alexander (Tennessee, Republican)
  • Rep. Diane Black (Tennessee, Republican)
  • Rep. Marsha Blackburn (Tennessee, Republican)
  • Rep. Jim Cooper (Tennessee, Democratic)
  • Sen. Bob Corker (Tennessee, Republican)
  • Rep. Scott DesJarlais (Tennessee, Republican)
  • Rep. Stephen Fincher (Tennessee, Republican)
  • Rep. Chuck Fleischmann (Tennessee, Republican)
  • Rep. Joe Barton (Texas, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Kevin Brady (Texas, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Michael Burgess (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. John Carter (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Mike Conaway (Texas, Republican)
  • Sen. John Cornyn (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. John Culberson (Texas, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Blake Farenthold (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Bill Flores (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Louie Gohmert (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Kay Granger (Texas, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Gene Green (Texas, Democratic)
  • Rep. Ralph Hall (Texas, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Jeb Hensarling (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Rubén Hinojosa (Texas, Democratic)
  • Rep. Kenny Marchant (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Michael McCaul (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Randy Neugebauer (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Pete Olson (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Ted Poe (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Pete Sessions (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Lamar S. Smith (Texas, Republican)
  • Rep. Mac Thornberry (Texas, Republican) - all five times
  • Sen. Orrin Hatch (Utah, Republican)
  • Rep. Eric Cantor (Virginia, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Randy Forbes (Virginia, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Bob Goodlatte (Virginia, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Robert Hurt (Virginia, Republican)
  • Rep. Scott Rigell (Virginia, Republican)
  • Sen. Mark Warner (Virginia, Democratic)
  • Rep. Rob Wittman (Virginia, Republican)
  • Rep. Frank Wolf (Virginia, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Doc Hastings (Washington, Republican)
  • Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers (Washington, Republican)
  • Rep. Dave Reichert (Washington, Republican)
  • Sen. Joe Manchin (West Virginia, Democratic)
  • Rep. David McKinley (West Virginia, Republican)
  • Sen. Jay Rockefeller (West Virginia, Democratic)
  • Rep. Sean Duffy (Wisconsin, Republican)
  • Sen. Ron Johnson (Wisconsin, Republican)
  • Rep. Tom Petri (Wisconsin, Republican) - all five times
  • Rep. Reid Ribble (Wisconsin, Republican)
  • Rep. Paul Ryan (Wisconsin, Republican)
  • Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner (Wisconsin, Republican) - all five times
  • Sen. John Barrasso (Wyoming, Republican)
  • Sen. Mike Enzi (Wyoming, Republican)
  • Rep. Cynthia Lummis (Wyoming , Republican)

Complete list of votes

Photo: President Bush signs the FISA Act in 2008.