Officials announced on Monday that Frazier Glenn Miller, suspected of shooting three people in Kansas over the weekend, will face hate crime charges for his alleged crimes. Miller, also known as Frazier Glenn Cross, had a well-documented, decades-long history of discriminatory behavior, belonging to groups associated with Nazism and the Ku Klux Klan.

“We believe that his motivation was to attack a Jewish facility,” Overland Park police chief John Douglass told the press.

Hate crime charges for Miller carry increased penalties if convicted. Though Miller’s alleged attacks were rooted in anti-Semitism—he yelled “Heil Hitler!” while being put into a police cruiser—none of his victims were Jewish. Hate crime violations, however, are determined by the suspect’s beliefs, not the victim’s identities. In other words, that Miller allegedly suspected his victims were Jewish is what matters, rather than whether they actually were.